Casual Speech : PRESENT
If you haven’t read the Part 1 yet, please go to this link.
1) Present (Written)
- 듣다 → 듣는다 = to listen
ex) 음악을 듣는다 = to listen to music : 음악=music, 을=object particle
- 먹다 → 먹는다 = to eat
ex) 아침을 먹는다 = to eat breakfast : 아침=breakfast, 을=object particle
- 가다 → 간다 = to go
ex) 한국에 간다 = to go to Korea : 한국=Korea, 에=to, place particle
- 팔다 → 판다 = to go
ex) 장난감을 판다 = to sell toy(s) : 장난감=toy, 을=object particle
In Korean language, it is common to ignore if a noun is singular or plural and the exact meaning is understood by context. But if you want to say more clearly you will use noun counters to be specific.
For example, you can say ‘장난감 2개 샀어요.’ meaning you bought 2 toys. I’ll talk about Counters in a separate post.
2) Present (Spoken)
- 가다 → 가 = to go
- 사다 → 사 = to buy
하다 → 해 = to do
말하다 → 말해 = to speak
- ㅗ changes to ㅘ
ex) 보다 → 봐 = to see/look/watch
- ㅜ changes to ㅝ
ex) 꿈꾸다 → 꿈꿔 = to dream
- ㅏ or ㅗ + 르 → attach 라
ex) 자르다 → 잘라 = to cut, 모르다 → 몰라 = to not know
- ㅓ, ㅜ or ㅣ + 르 → attach 러
ex) 거르다 → 걸러 = to filter, 서두르다 → 서둘러 = to hurry
- 좋다 → 좋아 = to like
- 낳다 → 낳아 = to give birth to
With Present tense verbs you can create future tense sentences by adding time words.
내일 영화 봐 = (I) see a movie tomorrow