Final Consonants

받침 (batchim)

So far we studied the Korean letters that are C + V or C + V + V combos. If you haven’t studied them yet, visit the pages: Part 1, Part 2

Now we will talk about something called ‘batchim’, 받침.

Batchim, 받침, is ‘final consonants’ that are (is) added to the bottom of the Hangul character. Except for ‘ㄸ’, ‘ㅃ’, ‘ㅉ’, all consonants can be ‘batchim’.
 

How to write Korean

As shown above, there are 4 ways to write ‘batchim’:

1. [C] + [V] + [C] 
ㅁ + ㅜ + ㄹ = 물 ( m + u + l = mul )
ㄱ + ㅡ + ㄹ = 글 ( g + eu + l = geul )


2. [C] + [V] + [C + C] 
ㄲ + ㅡ + *[ㄴ + ㅎ] = 끊 ( k + eu + n  )
*You probably noticed that there’s a silent consonant in the ‘double final consonants’, 겹받침. We’ll get to that later.


3. [C + V] + [C] 
ㅎ + ㅏ + ㄴ = 한 ( h + a + n )
ㅂ + ㅕ + ㅌ = 볕 ( b + yeo + t )


4. [C + V] + [C + C] 
ㄷ + ㅏ + *[ㄹ + ㅁ] = 닮 ( d + a + m )
ㅂ + ㅏ + *[ㄹ + ㄱ] = 밝 ( b + a + k )
*You probably noticed that there’s a silent consonant in the ‘double final consonants’, 겹받침. We’ll get to that later.

 
 

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