Demonstratives

Learn Korean demonstrative

이 = this
something closer to the speaker; a noun comes after this
ex) 이 책 = this book

그 = that
something far from both the speaker and the listener OR
something far from the speaker and closer to the listener; a noun comes after this
ex) 그 책 = that book

저 = that
something that’s far from both the speaker and the listener; a noun comes after this

이것 = this
Pronoun; something closer to the speaker
ex) 이것은 내 책입니다 = This is my book.

그것 = that
Pronoun; something far from both the speaker and the listener OR
something far from the speaker and closer to the listener
ex) 그것은 내 책입니다 = That is my book.

저것 = that
Pronoun; something that’s far from both the speaker and the listener

이곳 = here
Place where the speaker is; 이 + 곳(place)
ex) 이곳에서 커피를 마십니다 = I drink coffee here

그곳 = there 
Place that’s far from both the speaker and the listener OR
Place that’s far from the speaker and closer to the listener;
그 + 곳(place)      ex) 그곳에서 책을 읽습니다 = I read a book there

저곳 = over there
Place far from both the speaker and the listener; 저 + 곳(place)

여기 = 이곳 = here
Place where the speaker is

거기 = 그곳 = there
Place that’s far from both the speaker and the listener OR
Place that’s far from the speaker and closer to the listener

저기 = 저곳 = over there
Place far from both the speaker and the listener

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