Adjective Tense: Part 4

Korean adjective tense

Casual Speech : FUTURE

If you haven’t read the Part 1 yet, please go to this link.


In Korean, adjectives operate as ‘descriptive verbs‘ and they can be conjugated into different tenses like the way typical verbs are.

 

Future tense adjectives are rarely used and in some cases it might sound awkward to use future tense adjectives. But here are general formulas you need to know.

 

1)Future (Written)

1. Word stem that has a final consonant, 받침 preceded by vowels as below: 
  • ㅏ, ㅓ, ㅜ or ㅗ + final consonant, 받침 → remove 다, attach 을거다

ex)
작다 → 작을거다 = will be small
적다 → 적을거다 = will be small quantity
높다 → 높을거다 = will be high
굵다 → 굵을거다 = will be thick

  • ㅣ + final consonant, 받침 → remove 다, attach ㄹ거다

ex) 길다 → 길거다 = will be long

 

2. Word stem that has ‘ㅏ’ as a vowel + ‘ㅎ’ as a final consonant, 받침 → change ‘ㅎ’ to ‘ㄹ’,
attach ‘거다’

ex) 노랗다 → 노랄거다 = will be yellow
파랗다 → 파랄거다 = will be blue

 

3. Word stem that has ‘ㅂ’ as a final consonant, 받침 → remove ‘ㅂ다’, attach ‘울거다’

ex) 두껍다 → 두꺼울거다 = will be thick
ex) 뜨겁다 → 뜨거울거다 = will be hot

EXCEPTION:
ex) 좁다 → 좁을거다 = will be narrow, will be cramped

 

4. Word stem ends with ‘하다’ → attach ‘ㄹ거다’

ex) 지루하다 → 지루할거다 = will be boring

 

5. Word stem that ends with ‘ㅡ’ or ‘ㅣ’ with no final consonant → change ‘ㅡ다’ to ‘ㄹ거다’

ex) 크다 → 클거다 = will be big
ex) 나쁘다 → 나쁠거다 = will be bad
ex) 느리다 → 느릴거다 = will be slow

2) Future (Spoken)

Make casual future written adjectives, then change ‘다’ to ‘야

ex) 작다 → 작을거다 → 작을거야 = will be small

Adjective Tense Introduction

Casual Speech: PRESENT

Casual Speech: PAST

Casual Speech: FUTURE

Polite Speech: PRESENT

Polite Speech: PAST

Polite Speech: FUTURE

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