Adjective Tense: Part 2

Korean adjective tense

Casual Speech : PRESENT

If you haven’t read the Part 1 yet, please go to this link.


In Korean, adjectives operate as ‘descriptive verbs‘ and they can be conjugated into different tenses like the way typical verbs are.

 

1) Present (Written)

 

For adjectives, we use a dictionary form as a casual written form. However, in verbs, there are separate dictionary forms and written forms.

2) Present (Spoken)

 

1. Word stem that has a final consonant, 받침 preceded by vowels as below:
  • ㅏ or ㅗ + final consonant, 받침 → remove 다, attach

ex) 작다 → 작아 = to be small

  • ㅓ, ㅜ or ㅣ + final consonant, 받침 → remove 다, attach

ex) 적다 → 적어 = to be small quantity
굵다 → 굵어 = to be thick
길다 → 길어 = to be long

 

2. Word stem that has ‘ㅏ’ as a vowel + ‘ㅎ’ as a final consonant, 받침 → change ‘ㅏ’ to ‘’, remove ‘ㅎ’

ex) 노랗다 → 노래 = to be yellow
파랗다 → 파래 = to be blue

 

3. Word stem that has ‘ㅂ’ as a final consonant, 받침 → remove ‘ㅂ다’, attach ‘

ex) 두껍다 → 두꺼워 = to be thick
뜨겁다 → 뜨거워 = to be hot

EXCEPTION:
ex) 좁다 → 좁아 = to be narrow, to be cramped

 

4. Word stem ends with ‘하’ → change ‘하’ to ‘

ex) 지루하다 → 지루해 = to be boring

 

5. Word stem that ends with ‘ㅡ’ with no final consonant → change ‘ㅡ’ to ‘ㅓ’

ex) 크다 → 커 = to be big

EXCEPTION: Word stem ends with ‘ㅏ’ + ‘ㅡ’ combo → change ‘ㅡ’ to ‘ㅏ’
ex) 나쁘다 → 나빠 = to be bad

 

6. Word stem that ends with ‘ㅣ’ with no final consonant → change ‘ㅣ’ to ‘ㅕ’

ex) 느리다 → 느려 = to be slow

Adjective Tense Introduction

Casual Speech: PRESENT

Casual Speech: PAST

Casual Speech: FUTURE

Polite Speech: PRESENT

Polite Speech: PAST

Polite Speech: FUTURE

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